Δευτέρα, 18 Ιανουαρίου 2010

ΒΟΥΡΒΑΧΗΣ BOURBAKI

ΒΟΥΡΒΑΧΗΣ


Πολύκλαδη Σφακιανή οικογένεια από το Ασφέντου. Δες εδώ


Ασφέντου. Φωτογραφία Marek Gayer

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Charles Denis Bourbaki
Charles Denis Sauter Bourbaki (22 April 1816 – 27 September 1897) was a French general. He was born at Pau, the son of Greek colonel Constantin Denis Bourbaki, who died in the War of Independence in 1827.....
A group of 20th-century French mathematicians published many works under the pseudonym Nicolas Bourbaki, named after the general.
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Constantin Denis Bourbaki
Colonel Constantin Denis Bourbaki (Greek: Διονύσιος Βούρβαχης, Dionysios Vourvachis), (1787 – February 8, 1827) was a Greek officer raised in France, and serving in the French military. He fought in the last phases of the Napoleonic Wars, and after 1825, joined the Greek War of Independence. He was killed in 1827 following his defeat at the Battle of Kamatero. He is the father of French General Charles Denis Bourbaki.
Early life
Bourbaki was born on the island of Cephallonia in 1787. He was the son of Konstantinos-Sotirios Vourvachis, a Greek of Cretan extraction who was forced to relocate to Cephallonia. Thanks to his father's influence with Napoleon, he was able to join the military academy at Fontainebleau (which was later relocated to St Cyr). He graduated from the academy in 1804.
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Nicolas Bourbaki
Nicolas Bourbaki is the collective pseudonym under which a group of (mainly French) 20th-century mathematicians wrote a series of books presenting an exposition of modern advanced mathematics, beginning in 1935. With the goal of founding all of mathematics on set theory, the group strove for rigour and generality. Their work led to the discovery of several concepts and terminologies still discussed.
While Nicolas Bourbaki is an invented personage, the Bourbaki group is officially known as the Association des collaborateurs de Nicolas Bourbaki (Association of Collaborators of Nicolas Bourbaki), which has an office at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris....
The name "Bourbaki" refers to a French general Charles Denis Bourbaki; it was adopted by the group as a reference to a student anecdote about a hoax mathematical lecture, and also possibly to a statue. It was certainly a reference to Greek mathematics, Bourbaki being of Greek extraction. It is a valid reading to take the name as implying a transplantation of the tradition of Euclid to a France of the 1930s, with soured expectations.
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